Consent to treatment is the principle that a person must give their permission before they receive any type of  medical treatment or examination. This must be done on the basis of a preliminary explanation by a clinician.

Consent is required from a patient regardless of the intervention – from a physical examination to organ donation.  The principle of consent is an important part of medical ethics and the international human rights law.

It can be given:

  • Verbally – for example, by saying they are happy to have an X-ray
  • In writing – for example, by signing a consent form for surgery

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